The City of London is a small area within Greater LondonEngland. It is the historic core of London around which the modern conurbation  grew and has held city status since time immemorial.[2] The City’s boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages  and it is now only a tiny part of the metropolis  of London, though it remains a notable part of central London.


It is often referred to as the City (often written on maps  as “City”) or the Square Mile, as it is just over one square mile (1.12 sq mi/2.90 km2)[3] in area. These terms are also often used as metonyms  for the United Kingdom‘s financial services industry, which continues a notable history of being based in the City.[4]

The City is today a major business and financial centreranking above New York City as the leading centre of global finance;[5] throughout the 19th century, the City served as the world’s primary business centre, and continues to be a major meeting point for businesses to this day.[6] London came top in the Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index, published in 2008. The other major financial district in London is Canary Wharf, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the east.

The City has a resident population of a little over 11,000, but around 330,000 people work there, mainly in the financial services sector. The legal profession forms a major component of the western side of the City, especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas; these are where the Inns of Court are located, of which two — Inner Temple and Middle Temple — fall within the City of London boundary.


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